Menopause refers to a woman’s final menstrual period; this happens when the ovaries stop releasing eggs and levels of hormones (oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone) fall.

For the vast majority of women, menopause is a natural process. However, it can also occur as the result of a disease process or medical/surgical treatment e.g. for cancer, benign gynaecological disorders or PMDD.

The average age of menopause in the UK is 51 years of age. Menopause below the age of 45 is called early menopause. If it occurs below the age of 40 it is termed premature menopause or Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (POI).

Most women will experience some menopausal symptoms, but the severity of these can vary hugely. Symptoms can start several years before a woman’s final period (during the perimenopause) and may continue for months to years after her menopause. The average length of time for women to experience symptoms is 7 years.

Hannah is qualified to advise on all aspects of menopausal health, and has particular interests in:

  • surgical menopause (including those affected by a BRCA mutation)
  • menopause following cancer treatment (including treatment for breast cancer)
  • menopause and chronic conditions (e.g. endometriosis, autoimmune disease, inflammatory bowel disease, osteoporosis, migraine, diabetes)